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INTRODUCTORY   ESSAY.                                   73
3.  Dr, Hooker's collections, made during a botanical mission
to India in the years 1848, 1849, 1850, under tne auspices
of the Commissioners of Woods and Forests.    Starting from
Calcutta, Dr, Hooker proceeded first to Behar, ascended the
Soane valley and crossed the Kymor range to Mirzapur,
descended the Ganges, and proceeded to Sikkim.    The col-
lections made in  Behar  and the Gangetic valley amount
to about 1000 species.    Dr. Hooker spent the summer of
1848 and the greater part of 1849 in the Sikkim and the
East Nipal Himalaya, during which he botanized the whole
country from the plains to the Tibetan frontier, and accumu-
lated an herbarium of 3500 species.    In December, 1849, he
was joined^by Dr. Thomson at Dorjiling, and they proceeded
together, in May, 1850, to the Khasia hills, where the sum-
mer was spent: the joint collection amounting to about 3000
species.    In November of that year they visited Silhet and
Cachar, descended the Megua to the Bay of Bengal, and pro-
ceeded to Chittagong, returning by the Sunderbunds to Cal-
cutta, where they embarked for England; this journey yielded
about 1000 species.
4.  A large herbarium of Peninsular plants formed by Dr.
Thomson's brother, the late Gideon Thomson, of Madras,
mainly by means of collectors.    It amounts to nearly 2000
species, gathered partly in the plain of the Carnatic (chiefly
in the neighbourhood of Madras), and partly in the Nilghiri
and Curg mountains, and in the Courtalam hills.
5.  Several collections which were liberally presented to us
in India.    These, though not extensive, were often extremely
valuable, being illustrative of little known regions.   Prom Dr.
Jameson we received Saharunpur and Massuri plants; from
Dr. Fleming a collection from the Salt-range of the Panjab;
from Dr. Grant, a small herbarium of Eanawer plants; from
Lieutenant Parish, a set of specimens from the hills of Mandi
and Kulu (in the Panjab Himalaya); and from Mr. Simons
several htxadred Assam species.
As all our own materials were selected with a view to future